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Understanding the Function and the Danger of Damaged Car Tie Rod
In the car steering system, the tie rod has a very important role so that the speed of the car remains stable and can be controlled easily. Therefore, the presence of damage to the tie rod of the car, will make the driving experience uncomfortable and dangerous if left alone. The tie rod itself is located between the front wheel knuckle and the steering gearbox (steering rack), as well as being a link for the two parts. So it is certain that this tie rod has a very important function in the steering system. So, what is the real function of the tie rod in the car steering system? So what are the things that indicate that the part is damaged? Immediately, see the information about the tie rod of the car below!

 Car Tie Rod Function

Yes, we start first from the tie rod function, this part has three main functions, namely moving the steering wheel on the front wheels, dampening vibrations, and also adjusting the front wheelbase. For more details, here is an explanation of the function of the car tie rod.

1. Steering rotation drive on the front wheels

The first function is to pass on the steering rotation movement to the front wheels. The rotating movement of the steering wheel rod that the driver makes when turning the steering wheel, will be flowed or continued to the steering gear box, which later turns into a pushing or pulling motion. The resulting movement will then be continued by the tie rod to push or pull part of the side of the front wheel. So that the front wheels can turn or shift direction according to the direction on the rotation of the steering wheel.

2. Vibration dampener

Tie rod also serves to dampen vibrations from the wheels, so that they are not felt up to the steering wheel (steering wheel). Well, as is well known if the long tie rod and tie rod end become a ball joint that can move in several directions. The ball joint will also cut off the movement up and down or to the right and left of the wheel, so that the movement does not spread to the steering wheel. The tie rod end functions to dampen vibrations to the right and left, while the long tie rod will dampen the ups and downs of vibrations that occur on the wheels. In this way, the wheels can move freely, but will not interfere with the functioning of the steering system. So that the steering wheel can be fully controlled comfortably, easily, and of course safely.

3. Front wheel adjuster

There are two types of front wheelbase aka toe, namely toe-in and toe-out. Toe itself has a function to adjust the front wheels so that they can rotate straight and stable, and can also prevent uneven wear on the tires. Toe adjustment in this can be done through the connection between the tie rod end and the long tie rod, namely by extending or thickening the thread between the tie rod end and the long tie rod until you get the required toe angle.

Causes of Tie Rod Damage to cars

Just like other components in the car, this tie rod can also be damaged. Well, here are some things that can cause the car tie rod to be damaged, and make the driving experience feel uncomfortable.

1. Service life

The first and future cause of all cars comes from the age of use. As the service life continues to grow, over time the tie rod will wear out. This, of course, will make its function less.

2. Crashing holes at high speed

It can be said that when the car is traveling at high speed and then hitting the hole, not only the tie rod components have the potential to be damaged. But all parts of the legs of the car also have the potential to be severely damaged.

3. Tearing of the rubber that wraps the ball joint

This ball joint wrapping rubber serves to keep the lubricant in the ball from leakage. When the lubricant has leaked. then the ball joint part can be dry. After that, of course, there will be problems with the tie rod. Moving the tie rod will be a little problematic, as the required lubricant is constantly decreasing.

4. Bent long tie rod section

The long tie rod itself is a component whose shape extends to the very end of the steering rack. Well, because it has a fairly small diameter, then the part is prone to bending. The cause of the bending of the tie rod, can be because the size of the car tires is not suitable, and there have also been accidents before.

5. The bolts on the tie rod end start to loosen

The long tie rod section serves to adjust the angle on the toe on the front wheels. However, sometimes the retaining nut bolts of this component begin to loosen and problems occur. You need to know, if the installation of the nut requires a special technique. If the nut is only tightened as usual, the bolt will not lock because it rotates. Well, to tighten this part, you need to turn the nut while holding the bolt. And if the bolts on the tie rod end are loose, then problems will occur.

Car Tie Rod Damage Signs

If your car experiences some of the causes previously described, chances are that you will also feel some symptoms or signs when driving it. Well, here are some signs in case of damage to the tie rod.

1. The presence of vibration when the steering wheel is deflected

Damage to the tie rod can be felt when you turn the steering wheel. Yes, the appearance of this vibration will be very pronounced when your hand is holding the steering wheel. This can happen because the knots on the tie rod are worn out, and the vibrations coming from the wheels cannot be overcome.

2. There is a sound on the legs of the car

When the knots on the car tie rod begin to wear out, a slight vibration on the wheels alone can cause a sound in the legs of the car. Actually, this sound can also come from other damages. However, if it sounds when the tire turns, it is likely that there is a tie rod damage.

3. Steering that is not straight

Another sign of damage to the tie rod is a car that often throws away one-way errors by itself. This is because the car tires will rotate towards the right and left with a fairly large angle. So that the potential for car tires to turn on their own appears, although it is not too pronounced. This one sign can be felt when you walk straight. If usually the car can move straight, but this time the movement of the car will turn a little. This can happen due to the presence of quite severe tie rod damage. From the information that has been explained above, of course now you understand that the car tie rod is one of the most important parts in the car steering system. So if you feel some of the signs above, immediately take your car to the repair shop to fix it immediately, yes!  

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